COMMENDATION FOR DISTINGUISHED SERVICE
The Commendation for Distinguished Service was introduced in 1991 and is awarded for distinguished performance of duties in warlike operations.
UNIT CITATION FOR GALLANTRY (UCG)
The Unit Citation For Gallantry (UCG) was introduced into the Australian Honours system in 1991 and recognises extraordinary gallantry in action by a unit.
MERITORIOUS UNIT CITATION (MUC)
The Meritorious Unit Citation was introduced into the Australian Honours system in 1991 and recognises sustained outstanding service in warlike operations by a unit.
Honours & Awards
HONOURS AND AWARDS RECEIVED BY 4 RAR / 4 RAR/NZ (ANZAC), 4 RAR (Cdo)
Australia’s distinctive honours system began in 1975 with the creation of the Order of Australia to recognise service to the nation or humanity, as well as the Australian bravery decorations and the National Medal. Since then, Australia has created additional awards to completely replace those areas of service previously recognised in the British system and to recognise additional areas of service valued by Australians.
Australian honours are unique in that they were designed for the community to make nominations. The Australian honours system is free of patronage or political influence. Anyone can nominate an Australian citizen for an honour.
Prior to the establishment of the Australian honours system (and overlapping with it for a time afterwards); Australians were honoured by awards in the British Imperial honours system. Imperial honours (except for a few which are in the personal gift of the Queen) are no longer awarded to Australians. Those in normal type are Australian awards instituted after 1975.
British Imperial honours are shown in italics.
The VICTORIA CROSS (VC)
The Victoria Cross (VC) was originally instituted in 1856 as a decoration to recognise gallantry in action by all ranks of the services. The VC was awarded to Australians under the Imperial system of awards, with 96 Australians receiving the award.
The VICTORIA CROSS for Australia (VC)
It was decided to retain the VC as the pre-eminent gallantry award in the Australian system.
The Victoria Cross for Australia was approved on 15 January 1991.
The VC is awarded for the most conspicuous gallantry, or a daring or pre-eminent act of valour or self-sacrifice, or extreme devotion to duty in the face of the enemy. There have been only two awards of this medal, the first to Trooper Mark Donaldson.
STAR OF GALLANTRY (SG)
The Star of Gallantry recognises acts of outstanding heroism in action in circumstances of great peril. The Star of Gallantry is the second highest Australian award for bravery, second only to the Victoria Cross.
STAR OF COURAGE (SC)
The Star of Courage is awarded for acts of conspicuous courage in circumstances of great peril.
COMPANION OF THE DISTINGUISHED SERVICE ORDER (DSO)
The Distinguished Service Order (DSO) was instituted in 1886 by Queen Victoria, originally for military officers for 'distinguished services under fire or under conditions equivalent to service in actual combat with the enemy'.
DISTINGUISHED SERVICE CROSS (DSC)
The Distinguished Service Cross (DSC) was introduced in 1991 and is awarded for distinguished command and leadership in action. As with gallantry decorations, distinguished service decorations are not specific to rank, but because the DSC is for “command” in action, it is more likely that the DSC will be awarded to officers.
MEMBER OF THE ORDER OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE (MBE)
The military division of the Member Of the Order Of The British Empire (MBE) is awarded for service in the field before the enemy or for services to the Empire (Commonwealth).
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CONSPICUOUS SERVICE CROSS (CSC)
The Conspicuous Service Cross (CSC) was introduced in 1989 to recognise outstanding devotion to duty, or outstanding achievement in the application of exceptional skills, judgement or dedication, in non-warlike situations.
MILITARY CROSS (MC)
The Military Cross (MC) was instituted in 1914 by King George V and originally intended for lower ranking Army officers (Captain or less) and Warrant Officers for 'distinguished and meritorious services'. In 1953 the ceiling rank for availability was extended to Majors and to all ranks in 1993 with the discontinuation of the other ranks counterpart, the Military Medal.
DISTINGUISHED FLYING CROSS (DFC)
The Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC) was instituted in 1918 by King George V for Air Force officers for 'an act or acts of valour, courage or devotion to duty performed whilst flying in active operations against the enemy'. This was altered in 1932 to the simpler 'for exceptional valour, courage or devotion to duty whilst flying in active operations against the enemy'. The availability of the decoration was extended to the Army and the Navy during World War II. It was made available to all ranks in 1993 when the Distinguished Flying Medal was discontinued.
MEDAL FOR GALLANTRY (MG)
The Medal for Gallantry (MG) was introduced in 1991 and is awarded for acts of gallantry in action in hazardous circumstances.
DISTINGUISHED CONDUCT MEDAL (DCM)
The Distinguished Conduct Medal (DCM) was created in 1854 by Queen Victoria and awarded to non-commissioned officers and other ranks of the Army for 'distinguished conduct in action in the field'. From 1942 members of the Navy and the Air Force were eligible for service on the ground. The Medal was discontinued in 1993.
CONSPICUOUS SERVICE MEDAL (CSM)
The Conspicuous Service Medal (CSM) was introduced in1989 to recognise meritorious achievement or devotion to duty in non-warlike situations.
MILITARY MEDAL (MM)
The Military Medal (MM) was created in 1916 by King George V for other ranks in the Army to correspond with the Military Cross instituted two years earlier, but eventually back dated in availability to 1914. It was awarded to other ranks for 'acts of gallantry and devotion to duty under fire'. The medal was discontinued in 1993 when the Military Cross was made available to all ranks.
MENTIONED IN DISPATCHES (MID)
Mentioned In Dispatches is an award to recognize a mention in dispatches from a senior commander about a subordinate for brave or meritorious service, normally in the field. A silver oak leaf is attached to the campaign medal.
Click the image for the citation to Award to 4 RAR (Cdo)
the motto of the Royal Australian Regiment
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