Australian Active Service Medal 1945-75
The Australian Active Service Medal 1945-1975 (AASM 45-75) was approved in 1997. It may be awarded for service in, or in connection with, prescribed warlike operations from 3 September 1945 until 13 February 1975.
The AASM 45-75 is a nickel-silver medal. The obverse has a Federation Star surrounded by the legend 'THE AUSTRALIAN ACTIVE SERVICE MEDAL 1945 - 1975'. The reverse has a wreath of mimosa surrounding a plaque showing the recipient's details.
The ribbon has a central thin red stripe flanked by stripes of yellow, pale blue, dark green and purple, these colours being representative of the ribbon colours of the Imperial awards previously issued for campaign service.
A clasp with the name of the theatre or action for which the award is made is issued with the medal.
A further award of the AASM 45-75 in another area is recognised by the issue of an additional clasp. Additional clasps are worn above previously awarded clasps, in order of date of receipt.
Clasps issued to date for the AASM 45-75 are:
The Vietnam Medal was instituted in 1968 and awarded for service in Vietnam between 29 May 1964 and 27 January 1973. Service from 24 December 1962 until 29 May 64 was recognised by the General Service Medal 1962 with clasp SOUTH VIETNAM.
The Vietnam Medal was issued under the Imperial system but was mainly awarded to Australian & New Zealand personnel.
The Vietnam Medal is a cupro-nickel medal with the effigy of the Queen on the obverse. The reverse bears the words ‘VIETNAM' above the symbolic representation of the ideological war in Vietnam depicted by the figure of a man between spherical shapes.
The ribbon has three central pin-stripes of red on a yellow background to represent the Republic of Vietnam (RVN) flag. Beside this are stripes of red, dark blue and light blue representing the Army, Navy and Air Force.
Australian Defence Medal
The Australian Defence Medal (ADM) has been established to recognise Australian Defence Force Regular and Reserve personnel who have demonstrated their commitment and contribution to the nation by serving for an initial enlistment period or four years service whichever is the lesser.
Her Majesty the Queen approved the Regulations and Letters Patent for the medal on 20 March 2006 and these were promulgated in Commonwealth of Australia Gazette No. S 48 of 30 March 2006 .
The ADM is a cupro-nickel medal with the stylised version of the Commonwealth Coat of Arms used on the Australia Service Medal 1939-45 surrounded by the inscription 'THE AUSTRALIAN DEFENCE MEDAL' above a sprig of wattle on the obverse. The reverse has the inscription 'FOR SERVICE' below the Crown of St Edward all surrounded by a wattle wreath. The use of the wreath acknowledges the sacrifice of those who have died in service or been discharged due to injury resulting from service, a secondary qualification for the medal.
The ADM ribbon is red with black edges, the colours of the Flanders poppy that represent the Anzac spirit of the Australian armed forces. The white stripes divide the ribbon into three, to denote the three Services and also represent service contributing to the peace of Australia .
Anniversary of National Service 1951 - 1972 Medal
The Anniversary of National Service 1951-1972 Medal (ANSM) was introduced in 2001 to recognise those who completed their obligation under the two National Service schemes that had operated in Australia between 1951 and 1972.
Eligibility for the medal is dependent upon a person's obligation to serve and upon this obligation being fulfilled under the National Service Act 1951 (As Amended), as it applied to the individual at the time of his service. Additionally, he must not have been discharged for disciplinary reasons. No women were conscripted under the National Service Act.
The ANSM is a bronze medal with the obverse having a central device derived from the current Australian Defence Force Emblem reflecting, more historically, national service as it related to the defence force during the 1950s and 1960s, with the crossed swords of the Army taking precedence, being the arm predominantly affected by national service. Surrounding the outer edge are the words ‘ANNIVERSARY OF NATIONAL SERVICE” and at the central bottom edge the years ‘1951-1972'.
The reverse bears a central device of lines radiating from a nucleus, over-layered with the stars of the Southern Cross, representing national service being influential in the machinery of the defence force during a time of need and its broad impact in Australia . Surrounding the central device is a cog, the traditional symbol representing the spirit of cooperation between the Australian Defence Force and the Australian community, thus recognising those who accepted the obligation to serve as part of national service.
The ANSM ribbon has a central yellow stripe, flanked by two dark blue stripes, which are in turn flanked by white, green and light blue stripes and ochre edges. The central yellow and dark blue stripes represent Australia's national colours of the time, the white, green and light blue represent the Navy, Army and Air Force and the outer ochre stripes represent the soil of Australia.
Republic of Vietnam Campaign Medal
The Republic of Vietnam Campaign Medal was issued by the Government of the Republic of Vietnam for service in the prescribed area of operations in Vietnam during the period commencing on 31 July 1962 and ending on 27 January 1973 for Australian personnel.
The medal is a gold and white enamelled star with a green, red and gold centre motif.
The ribbon is green with three white stripes. A ribbon device bearing the inscription ‘1960 – ‘ is worn on the medal ribbon.
A smaller device with the inscription ‘60- ‘ is worn on the ribbon bar.
Infantry Combat Badge
The Infantry Combat Badge (ICB) is a bronze badge which consists of a wreath surrounding a bayonet.
The badge is dull in appearance and is not to be polished.
The Infantry Combat Badge is worn centred above the other campaign medals.
Medals . . . . Vietnam & National Service
The medals described below are presented in the order in which they are worn - left to right - by servicemen and servicewomen of the Vietnam campaigns.
All images and descriptions of the medals displayed on this page are sourced from the Australian Government, Department of Defence and it is acknowledged that this material is copyright © Commonwealth of Australia 2008.
It is reproduced here on the understanding that this work is copyright and that it may be downloaded, displayed, printed and reproduced in unaltered form only (retaining this notice and imagery metadata) for non-commercial use or use within a not-for-profit organisation.
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New South Wales & Australian Capital Territory . . . Northern Territory . . . Queensland . . . South Australia . . . Tasmania . . . Victoria . . . Western Australia
4 RAR ASSOCIATIONS OF AUSTRALIA
THE FIGHTING FOURTH
MALAYA/BORNEO - SOUTH VIETNAM - EAST TIMOR/TIMOR LESTE - IRAQ - AFGHANISTAN
4 RAR Colours
RAR Cap Badge
the motto of the Royal Australian Regiment
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